If you’re interested in becoming a more sustainable individual and homeowner, then you’re not alone. Many people want to grow their own food and want to do it in a sustainable, environmentally friendly, and healthy way for both the plants and people. Permaculture gardening is a way to do all of these things.
What is Permaculture?
Permaculture is a system of gardening that works with the environment to make the garden as sustainable and healthful as possible. It uses a combination of nature, and human needs to create self-sustaining gardens in any climate.
It was developed in the 1970s by Australians Bill Mollison and David Holmgren to create gardens that would be self-sustainable. It has since spread worldwide and has been adopted by sustainable gardeners everywhere.
Starting a Permaculture Garden: What to Consider
Step #1: Familiarize Yourself with Your Surroundings
Permaculture is all about nature and the environment. To create a sustainable garden, you have to have a general knowledge of your surroundings. The type of plants and animals that live in the area are vital information to know when designing your garden.
By understanding how animals and plants interact, you can create an integrated garden healthier for people and the surrounding environment. For instance, planting your herbs in a spot in your garden where animals won’t naturally damage enables you to naturally protect your greens without using toxic solutions.
Step #2: Choose Plants that Suit Your Environment
Permaculture is about using the resources that are available to you to make the garden work. By choosing plants that grow well in your area, you will make the garden work better for you.
For instance, if you live in a dry region, you will want plants that can use the little rainfall. Plants native to the area will make your garden more sustainable, as you’re using plants that grow well in the area.
Step #3: Consider the Appropriate Garden Layout
In a permaculture garden, the layout makes sure that each part of the garden has access to the sun, water, nutrients, and other materials it needs to survive.
For instance, a garden that grows food will want to be located where the sun reaches it during the day. A garden that grows greens will want to be located in a spot where it receives a lot of sunlight. This makes sure that all the plants in the garden get enough light.
Step #4: Use Garden Beds for Your Permaculture Plants
Garden beds are the base of the permaculture garden. They provide soil, nutrients, water, and sunshine to the plants in the garden.
A permaculture garden will usually have several garden beds, each with a different purpose. The different types of plants might be living in a variety of differently-sized garden beds. A permaculture gardener can create a more self-sustainable garden by grouping all the plants together.
Step #5: Use Efficient and Eco-Friendly Gardening Solutions
Using eco-friendly gardening solutions is the best way to make your garden sustainable. Whether it’s choosing natural fertilizers for your garden or using mulch to help keep moisture in the soil, using environmentally-friendly gardening practices is vital for a sustainable garden.
The Bottom Line: Why It’s Worth Caring for a Permaculture Garden
Permaculture is not only about designing gardens. It is about creating sustainable living environments for people. Through a combination of growing, storing, and processing food, the need for pesticides or fertilizers is eliminated.
The waste from one part of the garden – even animal waste – can fertilize another part of the garden. When a garden is created in this way, it is sustainable and healthy for the plants, people, and the planet.
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